- Category : Music and children
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Small children are born with an innate sense of rhythm. They feel the rhythm, they find music more interesting than human speech. Professional dancers invited by the researchers as consultants, confirmed by the undoubted presence in infants of a sense of rhythm.
The hearing (after the vision) is a critical factor for the proper development of the minds of children. Hearing is of great importance for the development of speech. If hearing sensitivity of the child’s broken or heavily discounted, then it can not develop normally. At the age of 3-6 months child shows interest in different sounds, and he begins to make sounds.
A joint study conducted by American and Finnish scientists has shown that even infants have developed a sense of rhythm, and they are easily distinguished from the music of ordinary human speech.
The researchers conducted observations of several dozen children ranging in age from 5 months to 2 years. In the room where there were children, included recordings of music of different genres – from classic to modern rock tunes. The kids behavior was recorded on video and then was simulated on the computer in three-dimensional graphics. Match their movements to music were evaluated by specially invited as experts dancers.
During the “musical experiment” the scientists noted some interesting facts. First, children respond to the rhythm of the music and its tempo than the melody. Second, the sound of music so captured the attention of the kids that they don’t even immediately react to the appeal to him of mothers, although in the absence of musical stimuli reaction to his mother’s voice was almost instantaneous.
Scientists believe that children are born with already an innate sense of rhythm, though it’s unclear what role in the process of natural selection and evolution have played this quality.
“We also found that the better children were able to synchronize their movements with the music, the happier they were smiling,” says Professor Marcel Zentner (Marcel Zentner) who participated in the study.